NEW HAVEN — John Ben Modi stood solemnly in a neatly pressed gray suit, eyes closed, his right hand raised.
The Hon. Judge John M. Conroy, robed and bespectacled, read from a piece of paper on the podium in front of him.
“I hereby declare, on oath, that I absolutely and entirely renounce and abjure all allegiance and fidelity to any foreign prince, potentate, state, or sovereignty.”
Modi repeated the words.